Tag Archives: investigative reporting

The Awesome Power of Journalism — Chai Jing’s “Under the Dome”

Under the Dome Chai Jing 1

by Gabriel Valdez

I may have just watched the best film of 2015. It is certainly the best job of pure reporting I have ever seen. It is Chai Jing’s Under the Dome, a documentary on China’s air pollution disaster.

The easiest comparison would be An Inconvenient Truth, but while the presentation is similar, Under the Dome is a different animal. Despite being loaded with even more information, it’s less science lecture and more personal journey. Chai takes you along the path an investigative reporter takes when following a story. She translates the excitement of discovery to her audience. Even when what she – and you – discovers is horrifying, she ties two pieces of information together, two threads of plot suddenly becoming one, and in doing so often reveals new information about how China’s government cheats its own rules and regulations.

After the self-financed film exploded – hundreds of millions of views in China in just a few days – China’s government effectively banned it. The sheer extent of investigative journalism Chai has undertaken, essentially dismantling the hypocrisy of whole sections of China’s government, is both staggering and audacious. This is reporting, this is a documentary, yes, but it’s also the most exciting thing I’ve seen this year.

Chai is an expert at using research to trap and evoke emotional responses from her interview subjects. This isn’t the baffled, bloviating mutterings we’re used to getting from the likes of Wolf Blitzer, Don Lemon, and Sean Hannity here in the U.S. This is reporting boiled down to its essentials – it’s striking how exciting journalism can be when it’s based on factual research, and not just the product of talking heads shouting at each other.

Essentially, Chai constructs a film – as director, host, and investigative reporter – that is one of the most nerve wracking yet enthralling journeys that I’ve had watching a movie in some time. She hits on all fronts – emotional, narrative, factual – but always relies on information to do it. Watching the film takes on a “just one more minute” feel. I intended to break it into two chunks when I saw it, but I just kept watching. One more minute. One more minute. I couldn’t take my eyes off. I had to know where Chai went next, what she uncovered next, what quote would get an official into trouble next.

There are artistic moments – a cute superhero cartoon illustrating how carcinogens in the air fight off our body’s immune system, an overwhelming photo collage that combines dozens of photographers taking pictures of dozens of cities’ smoggy skies every day for a year.

There are brave investigative moments – going undercover to record the pollution at an illegal steel plant, or setting up a road block to test illegally made trucks.

There are pointed yet fairly handled interviews in which Chai deftly corners officials with the sheer amount of research she’s done. This is a tremendously informative, artful, and skillfully made movie.

Under the Dome is freely watchable on YouTube. It is a staggering documentary achievement. I know the sun’s out this week. Much of the U.S. is enjoying its first glimpse of Spring after a bitterly tough Winter. But watch this film. Find the time.  At once, in chunks, I don’t care. Find a way. It might be the best film you’ll see this year. The YouTube video posted in the middle of this article – that’s the whole film. It’s free, it’s needed, it’s important.

Some films are undeniable. Under the Dome is already having an impact, sending ripples throughout China. All because one woman decided to be a good reporter in a world where that’s undervalued.

What’s Turned Our News into FanFiction?

Aiyana Stanley Jones

by Gabriel Valdez

This holiday season, we watch men die, and not even on some foreign soil as they fight for concepts like freedom and democracy. We watch men die here, in places like Ohio and Missouri and New York and Utah. We watch them die for running away or selling untaxed cigarettes. Sometimes the one dying is not a man. Sometimes he’s a 12 year-old boy. Or sometimes she’s a 7 year-old girl.

But we focus on the men because the others are too tragic to allow the same criticisms from our media. For Eric Garner, choked to death by a New York City police officer, the argument becomes whether the cop used a choke hold or a headlock. I’ve trained in taekwondo for more than 20 years. I’ve also trained in wrestling, aikido, sport wushu, and ninjutsu. Each one states there is no difference between a choke hold and a headlock. Each aims to compress or collapse the windpipe or, far more dangerously, the jugulars and superior thyroid. Each risks death, brain trauma, blood clot, and severe spinal injury.

For Timothy Loehmann, the police officer who shot 12 year-old Tamir Rice for playing with a toy gun, the televised argument is not about his prior dismissal from the Independence Police Department for “dangerous loss of composure during live range training and his inability to manage this personal stress.” The argument being spouted in the national media is about how old Rice looked on grainy video footage taken from a block away. A CNN news anchor defended Loehmann by saying Rice “looked 24.” I don’t care if he’s 42 or 86, the video clearly shows a patrol car pull up feet from Rice and Loehmann promptly shoot the boy upon exiting the vehicle.

Why are we arguing about what synonym to use for a dangerous compression lock around the neck? Why are we arguing about how old a boy with a toy gun in an open carry state looks?

One pretends a man just made a mistake. The other pretends a boy was a man and therefore it’s less tragic, allowing talking heads to more easily criticize. Yet there’s something more at play here, an equivocation the media is happy to exploit.

For SWAT officer Joseph Weekley, who shot 7 year-old Aiyana Stanley-Jones with a submachine gun, the issue became about when a police flashbang grenade was thrown and how much it blinded him. It distracted from the fact that he shouldn’t have had his finger on the trigger in the first place and directly contradicted his claim that he saw Aiyana’s grandmother reach for his gun while blinded. (Never mind the fact that a SWAT officer is trained to not fire in that circumstance against 200-pound combatants, let alone a sleepy grandmother, and physical evidence indicates she was probably not near the officer.)

In addition, some evidence supports that Weekley fired from outside the home into the front room where the 7 year-old was sleeping, before he would’ve encountered anyone inside. After a mistrial, felony charges against Weekley were, needless to say, dismissed before a second jury could deliberate. In her statement, Judge Cynthia Gray Hathaway said she based this decision on her perception of Weekley’s intent.

Why focus on the timing of a flashbang when it has so little to do with every other piece of evidence? Why even include it as a part of the defense when it directly contradicts another narrative the defense has presented?

Intentions and distractions. If we’re arguing about the make-believe difference between a choke hold and a headlock, or how old someone with a toy gun looks, or even throw out multiple versions of a defendant’s story, we’re suddenly arguing about intentions that are completely subjective. We throw out hard evidence in favor of placing our own narratives onto events that are, in actuality, pretty straightforward. Eric Garner’s and Tamir Rice’s murders were caught clearly on video, for godssakes. You can’t get more straightforward than that.

But why do news networks buy into these arguments? There’s implicit racism and latent bias at work here, but primarily it allows them to fill air time ad nauseam. Investigative journalism is expensive. The biggest news organizations – CNN, Fox News, and MSNBC – barely invest in it anymore. Talking heads are cheap, they rile people up, and it’s not difficult to find two people who will wildly disagree. How much extra does it cost to stick two staff, already paid, in front of a camera and have them bicker? Nothing.

There’s absolutely a racist element to how the news media reports these stories, and that finds its way into the assumptions they make and the words and frameworks they choose. It’s important that we recognize that, but it’s also important that we recognize the sheer lack of work that these news organizations put into their product. The focus on intentions and subjective narratives is a decision based on cost and effort. If you can still get viewers by being lazy and cheap, why put the extra effort and cost forth?

Our news stories fail to be about the hard evidence behind the incidents themselves, let alone fact checking (another expense), and start to become arguments about who’s right and who’s wrong about the mindsets of strangers they’ve never met in situations they’ll never face.

If anything, this makes it easier for racist bias to seep in and take hold even among the open-minded – racism has an easy-to-present narrative. There is no cost or effort associated with understanding it. Some news anchors are more racist than others, I’m sure, but when our anchors and reporters are plagued by an institutional lack of effort, they all open themselves up to the easiest and cheapest narratives available. It ceases to matter if a news personality is racist or not when the only narratives at their disposal clearly are. They can be the best reporters in our nation’s history, but if they lack the institutional support to be able to strive beyond these limitations, then they aren’t feeding us useful information anymore. They’re feeding us fanfiction.